Causes for Common Urinary Symptoms
Urologists treat a wide variety of cases relating to the urinary tract and male reproductive system. However, there are certain issues that these doctors see quite frequently in their offices. The most common urinary symptoms include frequently feeling the need to use the bathroom, the inability to hold urine in, and leaking. If you are a patient dealing with these symptoms, take comfort in knowing millions have experienced problems just like yours. That’s why we’ve put together a list of a few common causes for these urinary symptoms:
Urinary urgency is when a person experiences the sudden and urgent need to urinate. This need is caused by contractions of the bladder muscles that occur involuntarily. It is most often caused by Urinary Tract Infections, or UTI’s, though certain diuretics can also cause this symptom to occur.
Urinary urgency is often confused for urinary frequency, as the two often occur alongside each other. However, these two symptoms are different. Urinary frequency is the need to pee frequently (see “Overactive Bladder”).
Despite its name, stress incontinence had nothing to do with emotional duress. Instead, it defines when an individual experiences an involuntary leak in urine caused by pressure placed on the bladder. This can happen a number of ways, such as laughing, sneezing, coughing, lifting heavy objects, running, standing up, or having sexual intercourse.
Stress incontinence may not occur every time you partake in one of these activities, but if you find it happening frequently enough that it impacts your daily activity, then it is time to see a doctor.
Those who are experiencing nocturia find themselves waking up multiple times during the night with the need to urinate. It occurs more often in older patients, but there are other causes including high fluid intake during the day or before bed, diabetes, your body having a higher urine production at night, or even simply poor sleep.
An overactive bladder is defined by sudden, involuntary contractions of the bladder that cause urinary frequency, or the need to urinate, even when only a small amount of urine is present. Irritating fluids can cause these symptoms, including coffee, tea, other caffeinated beverages, spicy foods, and alcohol, as well as UTI’s. In some cases, overactive bladder can overlap with other forms of incontinence, resulting in mixed incontinence.
Treatment and Prevention
There are several ways to treat these common urinary symptoms, depending on the cause. If you find yourself experiencing the above causes or symptoms, it is recommended that you try the following:
- Kegel Exercises
These exercises help strengthen the muscles surrounding the bladder, giving you more control over the flow of urine.
- Log Your Bladder Activity
Keeping a log of our bathroom habits can help you and your doctor identify any patterns in your symptoms.
- Train Your Bladder
The human body is good at picking up habits. Putting yourself on a fixed bathroom schedule can help train your bladder to relieve itself at certain times you deem convenient or appropriate.
- Regulate Your Fluid Intake
Limiting your fluid intake to occur prior to four hours before bedtime and avoiding diuretics such as coffee, tea, and alcohol can help prevent you from waking up at night with the need to urinate.
Should these practices not work, it is recommended that you make an appointment with your local urologist.